Docker on Windows Hyper-V
Provision of docker host
I’m gonna use Ubuntu 15.04, at moment there is troubles with
DOCKER_OPTS hope will be fixed later on.
On a fresh install all you need to do:
###Install docker itself
wget -qO- https://get.docker.com/ | sh sudo usermod -aG docker $USER # relogin required docker run hello-world
How it works: Both client and server have its own cert and key files, they all are signed with same CA. While connecting both client and server verify each other certificates agains CA file they have. If all OK communication begins.
First of all we need our CA
openssl genrsa -aes256 -out ca-key.pem 4096 openssl req -new -x509 -days 365 -key ca-key.pem -sha256 -subj "/CN=*" -out ca.pem
openssl genrsa -out server-key.pem 4096 openssl req -subj "/CN=*" -sha256 -new -key server-key.pem -out server.csr echo subjectAltName = IP:192.168.5.123,IP:127.0.0.1 > extfile.cnf openssl x509 -req -days 365 -sha256 -in server.csr -CA ca.pem -CAkey ca-key.pem -CAcreateserial -out server-cert.pem -extfile extfile.cnf rm server.csr extfile.cnf ca.srl
Here is tricky part, you need to provide your server IP here to be able to connect to it by IP address rather than by DNS.
But in my case its my local lab so I prefer doing it without IP addresses like so:
openssl genrsa -out server-key.pem 4096 openssl req -subj "/CN=*" -sha256 -new -key server-key.pem -out server.csr openssl x509 -req -days 365 -sha256 -in server.csr -CA ca.pem -CAkey ca-key.pem -CAcreateserial -out server-cert.pem rm server.csr ca.srl
Not that in this variant I am no longer defining IP addresses so connections will be available only by host names which in our case everywhere set to start - so connection will be available from everywhere, but from now on you must deal with hosts file on your client system or configure DNS.
openssl genrsa -out key.pem 4096 openssl req -subj '/CN=client' -new -key key.pem -out client.csr echo extendedKeyUsage = clientAuth > extfile.cnf openssl x509 -req -days 365 -sha256 -in client.csr -CA ca.pem -CAkey ca-key.pem -CAcreateserial -out cert.pem -extfile extfile.cnf rm client.csr extfile.cnf ca.srl
chmod -v 0400 ca-key.pem key.pem server-key.pem chmod -v 0444 ca.pem server-cert.pem cert.pem
What do we have now is:
ca.pem- will be used by docker server
ca.pem- will be used by client
Notice that both client and server do need to have same
ca.pem to be able to verify certificates.
By default docker listens to socket, what wee need is to modify docker startup parameters so it will start listening network.
sudo sed -i "s|#DOCKER_OPTS=\"--dns 184.108.40.206 --dns 220.127.116.11\"|DOCKER_OPTS=\"--tlsverify --tlscacert=$PWD/ca.pem --tlscert=$PWD/server-cert.pem --tlskey=$PWD/server-key.pem -H=0.0.0.0:2376\"|" /etc/default/docker
Be sure to set appropriate file names and paths, do not forget to remove
-i parameter to check what will happen.
Unfortunatelly at this moment things will not happen, because of moving to systemd file we were edit is not used at all, hope it will be fixed soon, but for now we need do few more things.
sudo mkdir -p /etc/systemd/system/docker.service.d cat << EOF | sudo tee -a /etc/systemd/system/docker.service.d/ubuntu.conf [Service] EnvironmentFile=/etc/default/docker ExecStart= ExecStart=/usr/bin/docker -d -H fd:// \$DOCKER_OPTS EOF sudo systemctl daemon-reload sudo systemctl restart docker sudo systemctl status docker netstat -ntulp | grep 2376
Windows client may be downloaded here: https://get.docker.com/builds/Windows/x86_64/docker-latest.exe
To copy certificate files use something like this:
scp email@example.com:"/home/alexandr/ca.pem /home/alexandr/cert.pem /home/alexandr/key.pem" .
To verify things are working:
docker --tlsverify --tlscacert=ca.pem --tlscert=cert.pem --tlskey=key.pem -H=hvd:2376 version
Note that we are connection to
hvd machine rather that its IP.
To make things easier you may set environment variables:
set DOCKER_TLS_VERIFY=1 set DOCKER_HOST=tcp://hvd:2376 set DOCKER_CERT_PATH=C:\Users\Alexandr\Desktop
And now you should be able to run docker commands from your windows client against ubuntu vm in your hyper-v like so:
docker info | findstr "Operating System" Operating System: Ubuntu 15.04
Please take a note that there is docker-machine available for Windows which supports hyper-v out of the box. All what have beed done here may be done in few commands like:
docker-machine create -d hyper-v dev docker-machine env dev set DOCKER_TLS_VERIFY=1 set DOCKER_HOST=tcp://192.168.5.156:2376 set DOCKER_CERT_PATH=C:\Users\Alexandr\.docker\machine\machines\dev set DOCKER_MACHINE_NAME=dev docker run busybox echo hello world
Docker machine will create docker host vm in hyper-v, will deal with certificates and so on. Even more, when you will be ready you can use docker machine to provision docker host in cloud providers without doing anything by hand.